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Top 6 Visual Problems and Eye Conditions

Consult Your Child's Eye Doctor for Suspected Vision or Eye Problems

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Updated January 04, 2009

Vision and eye health is vital to your child's overall well-being and her ability to learn. This basic information about visual problems and eye conditions that can impact vision, health, and learning can help you become more aware of potential problems. As always, if you suspect your child has a vision problem, contact your pediatrician. Your doctor can refer you to the appropriate resources such as an optometrist for help.

1. Myopia

Myopia is a vision problem where students cannot clearly see objects at a distance. Near vision, however, is normal. For this reason, myopia is also called nearsightedness.

2. Hyperopia

Hyperopia is a vision problem where students cannot clearly see objects at a close range. Vision at a distance, however, is normal. Hyperopia is sometimes called farsightedness.

3. Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a physical problem with the lens of the eye that causes difficulty with seeing close up.

4. Astigmatism

Astigmatism is a condition where a student's vision is blurry both far away and close up. Vision has the appearance of an out-of-focus projector. Astigmatism occurs when the cornea of the eye is irregularly shaped.

5. Amblyopia

Amblyopia is sometimes called "lazy eye." This condition involves poorly developed central vision in one eye that cannot be corrected with glasses. Both eyes have different levels of visual acuity.

6. Strabismus

Strabismus is sometimes called crossed eyes. It occurs when the eyes do not track and work in tandem and usually is caused by muscle coordination problems.
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