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Assessment, Teaching Strategies for Dyslexia

Strategies for Reading Disorders, Learning Disabilities, and Dyslexia


Updated June 21, 2014

Students taking test in classroom
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Dyslexia testing is the first step in identifying strategies for dyslexic students. Schools use evaluations for diagnosis of dyslexia. The dyslexia evaluation process can also provide important information to help teachers in planning the student's program. Analysis of the student's responses to test items and his performance on various scales of standardized dyslexia tests can provide important insights into how he learns.

Students with Dyslexia or other types of reading disorders such as specific learning disabilities in basic reading and reading comprehension can benefit from the specific information this type of analysis provides.

Special education teachers and school psychologists can work closely with the dyslexic student to analyze his work and gain immediate feedback and information on the types of reading and writing errors the student makes. This information can be very helpful in determining which teaching strategies may help the student and in developing specially designed instruction.

Developing Programs for Dyslexic Children in Special Education

Based on a child's individual needs, there are many strategies that can help children with dyslexia. It is very important for parents and educators to choose methods carefully based on the student's learning strengths, how the dyslexia affects her, and evaluation information. It is also important to monitor the child's progress to measure the effectiveness of interventions. It may be necessary to try different methods or use a combination of methods to meet a dyslexic child's learning needs.

  • Multisensory Methods teach dyslexic students through their senses of touch, hearing, and sight.
  • Individual Tutoring allows teachers to work with students with dyslexia in one-on-one sessions to give students immediate guidance and feedback as learn to read. This method catches learning errors quickly so they do not impair future learning.
  • Phonics methods focus on the the dyslexic student's connections between sounds and their letter symbols.
  • Whole Language Methods focus teach students through emphasis on natural reading activities and sight word vocabulary. In many cases, a student's reading skills may develop naturally from this exposure.
  • Speech and Language Therapy can help students with phonological disorders focus on teaching students to recognize sight words and other strategies to effectively manage their learning differences.

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